Saturday, 26 November 2011

How to write a bibliography

What is a bibliography ? 
Definitions:
A bibliography is a list of books, articles and other sources you use when researching a topic and writing a paper. The bibliography will appear at the end of your paper.


A bibliography is a full reference list of all the sources which you have consulted in preparing a particular piece of work, but may not have cited (for quotations, paraphrasing etc.)


A bibliography is a list of resources used or referred to by an author.


What a bibliography item includes ?
source's name
date of publication or interview
name of publication or resource
place of publication or interview




General Guide to Formatting a Bibliography:
For a book:
Author (last name first). Title of the book. City: Publisher, Date of publication.
EXAMPLE:
Dahl, Roald. The BFG. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1982.

For an encyclopedia:
Encyclopedia Title, Edition Date. Volume Number, "Article Title," page numbers.
EXAMPLE:
The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1997. Volume 7, "Gorillas," pp. 50-51.

For a magazine:
Author (last name first), "Article Title." Name of magazine. Volume number, (Date): page numbers.
EXAMPLE:
Jordan, Jennifer, "Filming at the Top of the World." Museum of Science Magazine. Volume 47, No. 1, (Winter 1998): p. 11.

For a newspaper:
Author (last name first), "Article Title." Name of newspaper, city, state of publication. (date): edition if available, section, page number(s).
EXAMPLE:
Powers, Ann, "New Tune for the Material Girl." The New York Times, New York, NY. (3/1/98): Atlantic Region, Section 2, p. 34.

For a person:
Full name (last name first). Occupation. Date of interview.
EXAMPLE:
Smeckleburg, Sweets. Bus driver. April 1, 1996.

For a film:
Title, Director, Distributor, Year.
EXAMPLE:
Braveheart, Dir. Mel Gibson, Icon Productions, 1995

CD-ROM:
Disc title: Version, Date. "Article title," pages if given. Publisher.
EXAMPLE:
Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia: Macintosh version, 1995. "Civil rights movement," p.3. Compton's Newsmedia.

Magazine article:
Author (last name first). "Article title." Name of magazine (type of medium). Volume number, (Date): page numbers. If available: publisher of medium, version, date of issue.
EXAMPLE:
Rollins, Fred. "Snowboard Madness." Sports Stuff (CD-ROM). Number 15, (February 1997): pp. 15-19. SIRS, Mac version, Winter 1997.

Newspaper article:
Author (last name first). "Article title." Name of newspaper (Type of medium), city and state of publication. (Date): If available: Edition, section and page number(s). If available: publisher of medium, version, date of issue.
EXAMPLE:
Stevenson, Rhoda. "Nerve Sells." Community News (CD-ROM), Nassau, NY. (Feb 1996): pp. A4-5. SIRS, Mac. version, Spring 1996.

Online Resources
Internet:
Author of message, (Date). Subject of message. Electronic conference or bulletin board (Online). Available e-mail: LISTSERV@ e-mail address
EXAMPLE:
Ellen Block, (September 15, 1995). New Winners. Teen Booklist (Online). Helen Smith@wellington.com

World Wide Web:
URL (Uniform Resource Locator or WWW address). author (or item's name, if mentioned), date.
EXAMPLE: (Boston Globe's www address)
http://www.boston.com. Today's News, August 1, 1996.




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