Wednesday, 23 November 2011

Lecture 4 : Film theory 1

Auteur theory holds that a directors film reflects the directors personal creative vision.
French word for author- auteur
Auteurs are indeed similar to artists, they produce original work and starts new standards/ conventions.
They have a unique language and creative control; this makes a good filmmaker. 

''Andre Bazin a critical film theorist and survivor of a postwar traumatic nation, argued for films that placed “faith in reality” as opposed to the type that placed “faith on the image.” The former kind “gives us the event” via shot-in-depth, reveals what is already out there, whereas the latter kind adds to reality by “referring to it” in manipulative ways.''

Movies are characterised by the filmmakers unique influences, visions, and perhaps experiences. 

History of film as the history of auteurs:
Like artists, original work, creative control, personal film language. 

The technical competence of the filmmakers:

  • expressionist lighting
  • story telling, visually
  • use of the subjective camera
  • 'dolly zoom - Hitchcock shot'
  • clever use of cutting and montage in order to create tension
  • appearances of the director
  • narrative is often visual rathe than told through the dialogue

Alfred Hitchcock
World wide famous auteur of all time - Alfred Hitchcock, he started in 1920.

A scene from F.W. Murnau's Nosferatu. 1922

Dolly zoom: 
The dolly zoom  is an unsettling in-camera special effect that appears to undermine normal visual perception in film.

Other terms:
Back zoom
Vertigo zoom
Smash shot
Hitchcock zoom
Vertigo effect

''The dolly zoom is an unsettling in-camera effect that appears to undermine normal visual perception. It is part of many cinematic techniques used in filmmaking and television production.
The effect is achieved by using the setting of a zoom lens to adjust the angle of view (often referred to as field of view or FOV) while the camera dollies (or moves) towards or away from the subject in such a way as to keep the subject the same size in the frame throughout. In its classic form, the camera is pulled away from a subject while the lens zooms in, or vice-versa. Thus, during the zoom, there is a continuous perspective distortion, the most directly noticeable feature being that the background appears to change size relative to the subject.''

Suspense and expression:
When the audience can see danger.
When there's no terror in the bang of a gun only the anticipation of it.
Hitchcock films are not concerned with realism or naturalism.

Murder and madness
moments off macabre humour
strong sexual themes

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