Monday, 16 September 2013

COP 3 - The poppy

Why the Poppy?

The poppy has a long association with Remembrance Day. But how did the distinctive red flower become such a potent symbol of our remembrance of the sacrifices made in past wars?
Scarlet corn poppies (popaver rhoeas) grow naturally in conditions of disturbed earth throughout Western Europe. The destruction brought by the Napoleonic wars of the early 19th Century transformed bare land into fields of blood red poppies, growing around the bodies of the fallen soldiers.
In late 1914, the fields of Northern France and Flanders were once again ripped open as World War One raged through Europe's heart. Once the conflict was over the poppy was one of the only plants to grow on the otherwise barren battlefields.
The significance of the poppy as a lasting memorial symbol to the fallen was realised by the Canadian surgeon John McCrae in his poem In Flanders Fields. The poppy came to represent the immeasurable sacrifice made by his comrades and quickly became a lasting memorial to those who died in World War One and later conflicts. It was adopted by The Royal British Legion as the symbol for their Poppy Appeal, in aid of those serving in the British Armed Forces, after its formation in 1921.

The White Poppy

The White Poppy was first introduced by the Women's Co-operative Guild in 1933 and was intended as a lasting symbol for peace and an end to all wars.
Worn on Armistice Day, now Remembrance Sunday, the White Poppy was produced by the Co-operative Wholesale Society because the Royal British Legion had refused to be associated with its manufacture.
While the White Poppy was never intended to offend the memory of those who died in the Great War, many veterans felt that its significance undermined their contribution and the lasting meaning of the red poppy. Such was the seriousness of this issue that some women lost their jobs in the 1930s for wearing white poppies. The White Poppy Appeal is now run by the Peace Pledge Union.

Source:http://www.bbc.co.uk/remembrance/how/poppy.shtml

Analysis


Flowers which are associated with days of remembrance:
- The use of the poppy was inspired by the Word War 1 poem ''In Flander Fields'' by John Mcrae, 1915. First used by the American Legion to commemorate american soldiers (1914-1918), and later adopted by military veteran groups in the commonwealth especiall UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
- White poppies - alternatively worn to show pacifism (belief that violence, including war is unjustifiable) - Peace sign is widely associated with pacifism. 

Saturday, 14 September 2013

COP 3 - The history of flowers

Name of The Flower

History of The Flower

Alstroemeria
Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Baron Klas von Alstroemer.
This South American flower´s seeds were among many collected by von Alstroemer on a trip to Spain in 1753.

Aster
These plants were believed to have healing properties.
Asters were laid on the graves of French soldiers to symbolize the wish that things turned out differently.

Calendula
The Romans used Calendula mixed with vinegar to season their meat and salad dishes.
Calendula blossoms in wine were purported to soothe indigestion, and the petals as ointments, cured skin irritations, jaundice, sore eyes, and toothaches.

Carnations
These flowers were used in Greek ceremonial crowns.
Carnation, comes from Greece... carnis(flesh) refers to the original color of the flower, or perhaps the word incarnacyon(incarnation), which refers to the incarnation of God made flesh.

Chrysanthemums
Japanese emperors sat upon the Chrysanthemum throne.
They put a single chrysanthemum petal on the bottom of a wine glass to sustain a long and healthy life.
In Italy Chrysanthemums are associated with death.

Daisy
Beautiful gold hairpins, each ending in a daisy-like ornament were found when the Minoan palace on the Island of Crete was excavated.
Daisy flowers are believed to be more than 4000 years old.
Egyptian ceramics are also decorated with Daisies.
"Marguerite", the French word for Daisy, is derived from a Greek word meaning "pearl".
Francis I called his sister Marguerite of Marguerites and the lady used the Daisy as her device, so did Margaret of Anjou the wife of Henry IV and Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII.

Dahlia
A herbal document written in Latin just sixty years after the coming of Columbus was discovered 1929.
It noted that the Aztecs used dahlias as a treatment for epilepsy.
Dahlias were late in coming to Europe.
European scientific specialists considered the dahlia as a possible source of food since a disease had destroyed the French potato crop in the 1840s.
Between 1800 and 1805, Lord and Lady Holland lived in France and in Spain where Lady Holland first saw dahlias that had been introduced to Spain about 15 years before.
She sent some home to England and introduced the Dahlia into England.

Delphinium
Delphinium comes from the Greek word delphis, meaning dolphin - the flower resembles the bottle-like nose of a dolphin.
Delphiniums were used by West Coast Native Americans to make blue dye, and European settlers made ink from ground delphinium flowers.
The most ancient use of Delphinium flowers was a strong external concoction thought to drive away scorpions.

Gladiolus
The Latin word gladius, meaning "sword," and this flower was named for the shape of its leaves.
Gladiolus was also called "xiphium," from the Greek word xiphos, also meaning sword.
This flower is said to have represented the Roman gladiators. British Gladiolus used the stem base (corms) as a poultice and for drawing out thorns and splinters.
In the 18th century, African Gladioli were imported in large quantities to Europe from South Africa.

Holly
Medieval monks called this plant the Holy Tree.
They believed Holly would keep evil spirits away, and protect their home from lightening.
The early Romans decorated their hallways with garlands made from Holly for their mid-winter feast, Saturnalia.
Later its pointed leaves represented the crown of thorns worn by Jesus, and the red berries his drops of blood.

Lily
Lilies have been associated with many ancient myths, and pictures of lilies were discovered in a villa in Crete, dating back to the Minoan Period, about 1580 B.C.
Lilies are mentioned in the Old Testament, and in the New Testament, they symbolize chastity and virtue.
In both the Christian and pagan traditions, the lily is a fertility symbol.
In Greek marriage ceremonies the bride wears a crown of lilies and wheat implying purity and abundance.

Rose
The first cultivated roses appeared in Asian gardens more than 5,000 years ago.
In ancient Mesopotamia, Sargon I, King of the Akkadians (2684-2630 B.C.) brought "vines, figs and rose trees" back from a military expedition beyond the River Tigris.
Confucius wrote that during his life (551-479 B.C.), the Emperor of China owned over 600 books on the culture of Roses.
Roses were introduced to Rome by the Greeks.
During Roman public games all the streets were strewn with rose petals.
Egyptian wall paintings depicting roses have been found in tombs dating from the fifth century B.C. to Cleopatra´s time.
Cleopatra had a passion for everything Roman, and she is said to have scattered rose petals before Mark Anthony´s feet.
Roses were introduced to Europe during the Roman Empire, where they were mainly used for ornamental purposes.
Early Christians saw the rose as a symbol of paganism, orgy, and lust.
King Childebert I had a rose garden planted for his Queen in Paris.
Charlemagne ordered the cultivation of Roses.
Leo IX, elected Pope in 1084, sent a Golden Rose to favored monarchs.

Source:http://www.theflowerexpert.com/content/miscellaneous/flowers-and-history

Thursday, 12 September 2013

COP 3 - The first flower - Documentary notes



Notes from documentary:

- Flowers are essential for human life
- Enclosed seeds are a defining feature of a flowering plant in fossils
- Before flowers the world was covered in green plants such as ferns
- It takes a lot of energy for plants to produce flowers
- When and how flowers began is botany's mystery
- Hengduan mountains, China. Most temperate forest in the world for plants, many garden plants originated from there.
- Hengduan mountains - A sublime scenery
- Colours, patterns, shapes, sizes evolved
- China is the mother of all gardens, lilys and iris came from there
- Fragments of plants remain in fossils
- Flowers manage the reproductive biology for the plant, the sexual process
- Flowering plants were the first advertisers in the world, petals, pretty colours, the advertisement of male and female organs
- Flowers attract noble pollinators, to carry genetics to other flowers, a repeated process
- Survival of their own species is key
- 400,000 different species of flowering plants
- The study of plants have always been an interest to man kind
- Research collect and arrange into family trees
- "diversity of life was interconnected" - Charles Darwin
- Darwin knew there was something there which needed to be understood
- ACTG - DNA of a flower
- Ancient flowering plants did exist, just when?

Source:http://www.disclose.tv/action/viewvideo/106800/The_First_Flower_NOVA_Documentary/

Saturday, 7 September 2013

COP 3 - Songs with flowers in the title

The Jam - English rose

No matter where I roam 
I will return to my English rose 
For no bonds can ever tempt me from she 
I've sailed the seven seas, 
Flown the whole blue sky. 
But I've returned with haste to where my 
Love does lie. 
No matter where I go I will come back to my English Rose 
For nothing, "could" ever "keep" me from she. 
I've searched the secret mists - 
I've climbed the highest peaks 
Caught the wild wind home 
To hear her soft voice speak 
No matter where I roam 
I will return to my English Rose 
For no bonds can ever keep me from she. 

I've been to ancient worlds 
I've scoured the whole universe 
And caught the first train home 
To be at her side. 
No matter where I rome 
I will return to my English Rose 
For no bonds, can ever keep me from she

The Jam - English rose
Song facts:


Opening with the sounds of a train whistle, a ship's horn, and waves crashing on the shore, this romantic folk ballad was a surprise inclusion on The Jam's third full length album, All Mod Cons.
Lyrically, the narrator likens himself to old sailors who would leave their mother country, and their lover, their fair English rose. It was inspired by Weller's homesickness when he was touring America and the absence of his girlfriend at the time, Gill Price. Weller told Mojo magazine May 2010: "It was me emotionally naked, speaking openly about being in love. I was aware it was something that blokes from my background didn't do. They didn't reveal their feelings, their sensitive side." Embarrassed by its honesty, Weller left the track unlisted on the album cover.
An inspiration for this song was the unpretentious verse of the '60s Liverpool poets. Weller told Mojo: "A fan had turned me on to Adrian Henri, and I leaned through these poets that you could be open about your thoughts and feelings and you could juxtapose a grand, classical image with a street one."
The song later inspired the name of Manchester alternative rock band, the Stone Roses.

The White Stripes - Blue orchid

You got a reaction
You got a reaction, didn't you?
You took a white orchid
You took a white orchid turned it blue

Something better than nothing
Something better than nothing, it's giving up
We all need to do something
Try to keep the truth from showing up

How dare you
How old are you now, anyway?
How dare you
How old are you now, anyway?

You're given a flower
But I guess there's just no pleasing you
Your lip tastes sour
But you think that it's just me teasing you

You got a reaction
You got a reaction, didn't you?
You took a white orchid
You took a white orchid turned it blue

Get behind me
Get behind me now, anyway
Get behind me
Get behind me now, anyway

You got a reaction
You got a reaction, didn't you?
You took a white orchid
You took a white orchid turned it blue


The white stripes - Blue orchid
Song facts:

This song draws from the Bible story about Eve taking the apple from the tree in the Garden of Eden.
Blue Orchid was the name of the website of a group of Russians involved in a worldwide child pornography ring. The line, "You took a white orchid and turned it blue" indicates that the children are pure and these people abused them, leaving them "blue" for the rest of their lives.
Some fans mistakenly believed this song was about Jack White's fight with Von Bondies lead singer Jason Stollsteimer at a Detroit nightclub. White was charged with aggravated assault, had to pay a fine and was ordered to attend anger management classes. (thanks, Bertrand - Paris, France, for all above)
The girl in the video is Karen Elson, a famous British model who once shaved off her eyebrows for an appearance in Vogue. This was the first time she and Jack White met, but they were married weeks later during The White Stripes tour of South America. In the video, she takes a bite of a white apple, and as she does so, black liquid stains her body. (thanks, fungus - Scotland).

Source:http://www.songfacts.com/category-songs_with_flowers_in_the_title.php

Friday, 6 September 2013

COP 3 - Flower poetry

Ah sunflower 

Ah Sunflower, weary of time,
Who countest the steps of the sun;
Seeking after that sweet golden clime
Where the traveller's journey is done;

Where the Youth pined away with desire,
And the pale virgin shrouded in snow,
Arise from their graves, and aspire
Where my Sunflower wishes to go!

The lily 

The modest Rose puts forth a thorn,
The humble sheep a threat'ning horn:
While the Lily white shall in love delight,
Nor a thorn nor a threat stain her beauty bright.

The sick rose

O rose, thou art sick!
The invisible worm,
That flies in the night,
In the howling storm,

Has found out thy bed
Of crimson joy,
And his dark secret love
Does thy life destroy.

By William Blake 


To the small celandine

Pansies, lilies, kingcups, daisies,
Let them live upon their praises;
Long as there's a sun that sets,
Primroses will have their glory;
Long as there are violets,
They will have a place in story:
There's a flower that shall be mine,
'Tis the little Celandine.

Eyes of some men travel far
For the finding of a star;
Up and down the heavens they go,
Men that keep a mighty rout!
I'm as great as they, I trow,
Since the day I found thee out,
Little Flower!—I'll make a stir,
Like a sage astronomer.

Modest, yet withal an Elf
Bold, and lavish of thyself;
Since we needs must first have met
I have seen thee, high and low,
Thirty years or more, and yet
'Twas a face I did not know;
Thou hast now, go where I may,
Fifty greetings in a day.

Ere a leaf is on a bush,
In the time before the thrush
Has a thought about her nest,
Thou wilt come with half a call,
Spreading out thy glossy breast
Like a careless Prodigal;
Telling tales about the sun,
When we've little warmth, or none.

To the same flower 

Pleasures newly found are sweet
When they lie about our feet:
February last, my heart
First at sight of thee was glad;
All unheard of as thou art,
Thou must needs, I think, have had,
Celandine! and long ago,
Praise of which I nothing know.

I have not a doubt but he,
Whosoe'er the man might be,
Who the first with pointed rays
(Workman worthy to be sainted)
Set the sign-board in a blaze,
When the rising sun he painted,
Took the fancy from a glance
At thy glittering countenance.

Soon as gentle breezes bring
News of winter's vanishing,
And the children build their bowers,
Sticking 'kerchief-plots of mould
All about with full-blown flowers,
Thick as sheep in shepherd's fold!
With the proudest thou art there,
Mantling in the tiny square.

Often have I sighed to measure
By myself a lonely pleasure,
Sighed to think, I read a book
Only read, perhaps, by me;
Yet I long could overlook
Thy bright coronet and Thee,
And thy arch and wily ways,
And thy store of other praise.

Blithe of heart, from week to week
Thou dost play at hide-and-seek;
While the patient primrose sits
Like a beggar in the cold,
Thou, a flower of wiser wits,
Slip'st into thy sheltering hold;
Liveliest of the vernal train
When ye all are out again.

Drawn by what peculiar spell,
By what charm of sight or smell,
Does the dim-eyed curious Bee,
Labouring for her waxen cells,
Fondly settle upon Thee
Prized above all buds and bells
Opening daily at thy side,
By the season multiplied?

Thou art not beyond the moon,
But a thing "beneath our shoon:"
Let the bold Discoverer thrid
In his bark the polar sea;
Rear who will a pyramid;
Praise it is enough for me,
If there be but three or four
Who will love my little Flower.

To the daisy 

"Her divine skill taught me this,
That from every thing I saw
I could some instruction draw,
And raise pleasure to the height
Through the meanest object's sight.
By the murmur of a spring,
Or the least bough's rustelling;
By a Daisy whose leaves spread
Shut when Titan goes to bed;
Or a shady bush or tree;
She could more infuse in me
Than all Nature's beauties can
In some other wiser man."


To the daisy 2

Bright Flower! whose home is everywhere,
Bold in maternal Nature's care,
And all the long year through the heir
Of joy and sorrow.
Methinks that there abides in thee
Some concord with humanity,
Given to no other flower I see
The forest thorough!

Is it that Man is soon deprest?
A thoughtless Thing! who, once unblest,
Does little on his memory rest,
Or on his reason,
And Thou would'st teach him how to find
A shelter under every wind,
A hope for times that are unkind
And every season?

Thou wander'st the wide world about,
Uncheck'd by pride or scrupulous doubt,
With friends to greet thee, or without,
Yet pleased and willing;
Meek, yielding to the occasion's call,
And all things suffering from all,
Thy function apostolical
In peace fulfilling.

By William Wordsworth 

Source:http://www.blackcatpoems.com/f/flower_poems.html

Thursday, 5 September 2013

COP 3 - National flowers by country

National Flowers are symbols representing a country. Some national flowers have cultural or religious roots that go back hundreds or even thousands of years and may or may not have been officially adopted.

Country

National Flower

Interesting Information

Antigua & Barbuda
Dagger's Log (Agave Karatto Miller)
The yellow coluored flowers rise from the large rosette of the Agave plant.

Argentina
Ceibo (Erythrina Crista-galli)
The flower was adopted on December 2, 1942.

Armenia
No National Flower
Armenia is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet Republics.

Australia
Golden Wattle (Acacia Pycnantha)
September 1 is National Wattle Day (Each of Australia's territories is also represented by an official flower).

Austria
Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum)
The star-like flowers are short living perennials.

Azerbaijan
Not Chosen any Flower.
Azerbaijan was one of the first to declare independence of the country.

Bahamas
Yellow Elder or Yellow Cedar (Tecoma Stans)
The flowers bloom in late summer/early fall.

Bahrain
No National Flower
Bahrain is considered part of eastern Arabia.

Balearic Islands
Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)
Carnations can be easily grown from cuttings.

Bangladesh
Water Lily (Nymehaea Nouchali)
Bangladesh adopted the flower in 1971.

Barbados
Pride of Barbados, also known as Dwarf Poinciana & Flower Fence (Poinciana Pulcherrima)
More common varieties of the flower are those with a fiery red and yellow "sunset color".

Belarus
Flax (Linum Usitatissimum)
The flowers last only until the heat of the mid-day sun hits them.

Belgium
Red Poppy (Papaver Rhoeas)
The flower is one of the easiest wildflowers to grow.

Belize
Black Orchid (Trichoglottis Brachiata)
Black Orchids acquired the name by virtue of their very dark intense color, which tends to be dark brown and maroon.

Bermuda
Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium Montanum)
The Blue-eyed Grass is a member of the iris family.

Bhutan
Blue poppy (Meconopsis Betonicifolia)
The flower is native to the rocky mountain slopes of Tibet.

Bohemia
Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris)
The pale pink flowers bloom at the tips of the stems in summer.

Bolivia
Kantuta (Cantua Buxifolia)
The tubular flowers come in wild form, magenta, bicolor and subtile (slightly bicolored) varieties.

Brazil
Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya Labiata)
Cattleya orchids are commonly called "corsage orchids" as the blooms are frequently used in corsages due to their exceptional beauty and fragrance.

British Columbia
Dogwood Tree Flower (Cornus Nuttalli)
The four-petaled white flowers bloom in spring.

Bulgaria
Rose (Rosa)
Roses are more fragrant on a sunny day.

Canada
Maple Leaf (Acer)
Maple syrup is made from the sap of sugar maple trees.

Cayman Islands
Wild Banana Orchid (Schomburgkia Thomsoniana)
This orchid specie is found only in the Cayman Islands.

Chile
Copihue/Chilean Bellflower (Lapageria Rosea)
The Chilean Bellflower is best grown on a partially shady and sheltered wall.

China
Plum Blossom (Prunus Mei)
Plum Blossoms are the earliest blooms of the year, indicating the start of spring.

Colombia
Christmas orchid (Cattleya Trianae)
The Christmas orchid has a fetid smell.

Costa Rica
Guaria Morada (Purple Orchid) (Cattleya Skinneri)
The flower was adopted on June 15, 1939.

Croatia
Iris Croatica (Hrvatska Perunika)
It grows only in the northern and northwestern Croatia.

Cuba
Butterfly Jasmine (Mariposa)
The white Butterfly Jasmine is an endemic Jasmine specie.

Cyprus
Rose (Rosa)
The more fragrant the rose, the shorter it's vase life.

Czech Republic
Rose (Rosa)
Miniature roses were first developed in China.

Denmark
Marguerite Daisy (Argyranthemum Frutescens)
Marguerites produce large, single, daisy-like flowers most of the summer.



Egypt
Lotus (Nymphaea Lotus)
The pure white lotus flower, the only plant to fruit and flower simultaneously.

Estonia
Corn-flower or Bachelor's Button Centaurea (Cyanus)
The flower was adopted on June 23, 1988.

Ethiopia
Calla Lily
The flower is a solitary, showy, funnel shaped unfurling spathe.

France
Iris (Iris)
Iris flowers have three petals often called the "standards", and three outer petal-like sepals called the "falls".

French Polynesia
The Tiare (Gardenia Taitensis)
The flower is especially symbolic of Tahiti. The Tiare Anei is the emblem of the isle of Vavau. The Tiare Apetahi is the emblem of Raiatea.

Finland
Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria Majalis)
The Lily of the Valley are mostly used in bridal arrangements because of their sweet perfume.

Germany
Knapweed (Centaurea Cyanus)
In Germany, it is custom for an unmarried person to wear this flower in the buttonhole.

Greece
Bear's Breech (Acanthus Mollis)
The fresh or dried flower spikes are used in floral arrangements.

Greenland
Willow Herb (Epilobium)
The name Willow-herb refers to the willow-like form of the leaves.

Guam
Puti Tai Nobiu (Bougainvillea Spectabilis)
The flowers of the bougainvillea can be of several different colors from pink to red, orange, white and yellow.

Guatemala
White Nun Orchid or Monja Blanca (Lycaste Skinnerialba)
The flower is a rare flower in the Verapaz district of Guatemala symbolizing peace, beauty and art.

Guyana
Water Lily (Victoria Regia)
The largest flowers can measure 10 inches to one foot in diameter.

Holland (The Netherlands)
Tulip (Tulipa)
Tulip bulbs are a good substitute for onions in cooking.

Honduras
Orchid (Brassavola Digbiana)
The rose was the national flower of Honduras from 1946-1969.

Hong Kong
Orchid (Bauhinia Blakeana)
The flower is Calyx tubular with a corolla of five petals colored in deep purple.

Hungary
Tulip (Tulipa)
Tulip is the common name for between 50 and 150 species of the genus Tulipa in the lily family, Liliaceae.

Iceland
Mountain Avens (Dryas Octopetala)
The flowers are produced on stalks of up to 10 cm long, with eight creamy-white petals.

India
Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera)
The lotus is an aquatic perennial.

Indonesia
1) Melati (Jasmine) (Jasminum Sambac) 2) Moon Orchid (Phalaenopsis Amabilis) 3) Rafflesia (Rafflesia Arnoldi Indonesia)
Indonesia adopted the 3 flowers on June 5, 1990 to mark the World Environment Day.

Iran
Red Rose (Rosa)
To make a dark red rose appear blacker, its stem can be put in water that has black ink in it.

Iraq
Rose (Rosa)
The rose is said to be originally from Persia and was introduced to the west by Alexander.

Ireland
Shamrock
Shamrock is the common name for several unrelated herbaceous plants with trifoliate leaves.

Israel
No National Flower
Israel is located in the Middle East.

Italy
Stylized Lily
Even the Iris is said to be the Flower Emblem of France.

Jamaica
Lignum Vitae or Wood of Life (Guaiacum Sanctum)
The flower is indigenous to Jamaica and was found by Christopher Columbus.

Japan
Chrysanthemum (Imperial), Cherry Blossom Sakura
The sakura trees are the subject of the annual National Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan.

Jordan
Black Iris (Iris Nigricans)
The dark purple colored Iris has six petals, three which are drooping and three upright.

Laos
Champa Flower(Calophyllum Inophyllum), also known as Plumeria.
The attractive white flowers are scented and waxy.

Kazakhstan
Lily(Lilium) serves as the Unofficial National Flower.
Citizens are guaranteed free secondary education.

Kuwait
Rhanterum Epapposum, locally called Arfaj.
Have more than 10% estimated oil reserves of the world with it.

Kyrgyzstan
Shyrdak Symbols of Kyrgyzstan and also the Tulip.
The Kyrgyz came under tsarist Russian rule during the 19th century.

Latvia
Oxeye Daisy, or Pipene (Leucanthemum Vulgare)
The flower was earlier known as Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum.

Lebanon
No National Flower
Cedar of Lebanon is the National Tree of Lebanon.

Liberia
Pepper
These are small, white, star-shaped flowers.

Libya
Pomegranate blossom
The flowers are with fiery red blossoms.

Lithuania

Rue or Herb of Grace (Ruta graveolens)
The Rue's fragrance is strong, characteristically aromatic and sweet.

Luxembourg
Rose (Rosa)
One of the most famous rose gardens was planted by Empress Josephine at the Chateau de la Malmaison in France on 1804.

Madagascar
Poinciana (Delonix Regia)
In early summer, the voluminous red blooms appear and hold for 4-8 weeks.

Maldives
Pink Rose (Rosa)
The oldest painting in the world depicts a five-petaled pink rose.

Malta
The Maltese Centaury Paleocyanus Crasifoleus
The flower was adopted in the early 1970s.

Republic of Moldova
No Flower has been Designated.
Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its President in 2001.

New Zealand
Kowhai
Kowhai or botanically known as Sophora Microphylla, is a beautiful yellow or golden flower.

Paraguay

Jasmine-of-the-Paraguay
Jasmine flowers are white in most species.

Peru
Kantuta, Inca magic flower
Kantuta come in 4 varieties: wild form, Magenta, bicolor and Subtile.

Philippines
Sampaguita (Jasminum Sambac)
The flower blooms full-year and have white, small, dainty, star-shaped blossoms, which open at night and wilt in less than a day.

Poland
Corn Poppy (Papaver Rhoeas)
Corn Poppy or Red Poppy is the wild poppy of agricultural cultivation.

Portugal

Lavender
Used in cooking, the potency of the lavender flowers increase with drying.

Puerto Rico
Puerto Rican Hibiscus, or Flor de Maga (Montezuma Speciossisima)
The common garden Hibiscus is also known in some areas as the "Rose of Althea" or "Rose of Sharon".

Republic of Molossia
Common Sagebrush (Artemisia Tridentata)
Common Sagebrush is very drought tolerant and needs good drainage.

Romania
Dog Rose (Rosa Canina)
The white or pink 5-petalled flowers are 4-6 cm across and come in clusters of 1-5.

Russia

Camomile (Matricaria Recutita)
The flower has an aromatic, fruity and floral fragrance.

San Marino
Cyclamen (Cyclamen)
The flowers are produced in whorls of 3-10, with each flower on a slender stem 3-12 cm tall with five united petals.

Scotland
Thistle (Cirsium Altissimum)
The thistle flower is a favorite flower among butterflies.

Seychelles
Tropicbird Orchid
These are sprays of white flowers with long spurs like the tails of tropicbirds.

Sicily
Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)
The carnation is native to Eurasia and has been cultivated for more than 20 centuries.

Singapore
Vanda Miss Joaquim Orchid
The flower is a hybrid orchid between Vanda teres & Vanda hookeriana.

Slovakia
Rose (Rosa)
The first historical reference of the rose is by the Sumerians from ancient Mesopotamia.

Slovenia
Carnation (Dianthus Caryophyllus)
Carnations can be propagated by planting young flowering shoots.

Spain

Red carnation
The National Flower of Spain is the Red Carnation.

Sri Lanka
Nil Mahanel Water Lily (Nympheae Stellata)
The flower, a blue water lily, was adopted on Feb. 26, 1986.

S. Africa
Protea (Protea Cynaroides)
The King protea is originally from the Cape Town area of South Africa.

S. Korea
Rose of Sharon (Moogoonghwa) (Hibiscus Syriacus)
Hibiscus Syriacus are pink-mauve single flowers having a dark magenta eye. The flower is not a rose, but its large exotic blossoms attract hummingbirds and tiny insects.

Sweden

Linnea (Linnea Borealis)
The flowers are pink, bell-like, very fragrant and grow in pairs.

Switzerland
Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum)
The flowers are starfish-like white, wooly blooms.

Syria
Jasmine
Jasmine flowers are generally white, although some species have yellow flowers.

Tahiti
Tahitian Gardenia (Gardenia Taitensis)
The flowers are fragrant and are good for cutting.

Taiwan (Republic of China)
Plum blossom (Prunus Mei)
Most plum blossoms have five petals and range in color from white to dark pink.

Thailand

Ratchaphruek
The color of the flower is shining yellow contrasting great importance.

Trinidad and Tobago

Chaconia (Warszewiczia Coccinea)
The flower is also known as the Pride of Trinidad & Tobago or Wild Poinsettia.

Tonga
Red-blossomed Heilala
The Red-blossomed Heilala festival in Tonga is celebrated during the Heilala Festival every July 4th.

Turkey

Tulip (Tulipa)
Tulips do not grow in the open or in tropical climates as they need cold winters to grow.

Turkmenistan
Not yet selected any flower.
Turkmenistan contains the fifth largest reserves of natural gas in the world.

Ukraine
Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus)
Most flower heads on a field of blooming sunflowers are turned towards the east, the direction of sun rise.

United States of America

Rose (Rosa)
The rose was officially adopted on November 20, 1986.

United Kingdom (England)
Tudor Rose (Rosa)
The Tudor Rose is a graphic design created by King Henry VII in 1485, with a red rose laid atop a white one.

United Kingdom (Wales)
Leek (Babbingtons Leek), Daffodil (Narcissus Amaryllidaceae)
The Leek and the Daffodil are both emblems of Wales. The national flower of Wales is usually considered to be the Daffodil. However, the Leek has even older associations as a traditional symbol of Wales - possibly because of its colors, white over green that echo the ancient Welsh flag.

Uruguay

Ceibo Erythrina (Crista-Galli)
Ceibo Erythrina are bright red flowers.

Uzbekistan
Not selected any flower.
Being one of the most populous countries of Central Asia.

Venezuela
Orchid
Orchids form the world's largest family of plants.

Virgin Islands

Yellow Elder or Yellow Trumpet (Tecoma Stans)
The yellow flowers have a very sweet fragrance and attract hummingbirds, butterflies and/or birds.

Yemen
Arabian Coffee (Coffea Arabica)
Individual coffee flowers are white, fragrant, with waxy, linear petals.

Yugoslavia
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria Majalis)
Lily of the Valley are fragrant bell shaped flowers.

Zimbabwe
Flame Lily (Gloriosa Rothschildiana)
The large, claw like flowers open yellow and red and then change to a rich claret edged with gold.

Source:http://www.theflowerexpert.com/content/aboutflowers/national-flowers