Saturday, 14 September 2013

COP 3 - The history of flowers

Name of The Flower

History of The Flower

Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Baron Klas von Alstroemer.
This South American flower´s seeds were among many collected by von Alstroemer on a trip to Spain in 1753.

These plants were believed to have healing properties.
Asters were laid on the graves of French soldiers to symbolize the wish that things turned out differently.

The Romans used Calendula mixed with vinegar to season their meat and salad dishes.
Calendula blossoms in wine were purported to soothe indigestion, and the petals as ointments, cured skin irritations, jaundice, sore eyes, and toothaches.

These flowers were used in Greek ceremonial crowns.
Carnation, comes from Greece... carnis(flesh) refers to the original color of the flower, or perhaps the word incarnacyon(incarnation), which refers to the incarnation of God made flesh.

Japanese emperors sat upon the Chrysanthemum throne.
They put a single chrysanthemum petal on the bottom of a wine glass to sustain a long and healthy life.
In Italy Chrysanthemums are associated with death.

Beautiful gold hairpins, each ending in a daisy-like ornament were found when the Minoan palace on the Island of Crete was excavated.
Daisy flowers are believed to be more than 4000 years old.
Egyptian ceramics are also decorated with Daisies.
"Marguerite", the French word for Daisy, is derived from a Greek word meaning "pearl".
Francis I called his sister Marguerite of Marguerites and the lady used the Daisy as her device, so did Margaret of Anjou the wife of Henry IV and Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII.

A herbal document written in Latin just sixty years after the coming of Columbus was discovered 1929.
It noted that the Aztecs used dahlias as a treatment for epilepsy.
Dahlias were late in coming to Europe.
European scientific specialists considered the dahlia as a possible source of food since a disease had destroyed the French potato crop in the 1840s.
Between 1800 and 1805, Lord and Lady Holland lived in France and in Spain where Lady Holland first saw dahlias that had been introduced to Spain about 15 years before.
She sent some home to England and introduced the Dahlia into England.

Delphinium comes from the Greek word delphis, meaning dolphin - the flower resembles the bottle-like nose of a dolphin.
Delphiniums were used by West Coast Native Americans to make blue dye, and European settlers made ink from ground delphinium flowers.
The most ancient use of Delphinium flowers was a strong external concoction thought to drive away scorpions.

The Latin word gladius, meaning "sword," and this flower was named for the shape of its leaves.
Gladiolus was also called "xiphium," from the Greek word xiphos, also meaning sword.
This flower is said to have represented the Roman gladiators. British Gladiolus used the stem base (corms) as a poultice and for drawing out thorns and splinters.
In the 18th century, African Gladioli were imported in large quantities to Europe from South Africa.

Medieval monks called this plant the Holy Tree.
They believed Holly would keep evil spirits away, and protect their home from lightening.
The early Romans decorated their hallways with garlands made from Holly for their mid-winter feast, Saturnalia.
Later its pointed leaves represented the crown of thorns worn by Jesus, and the red berries his drops of blood.

Lilies have been associated with many ancient myths, and pictures of lilies were discovered in a villa in Crete, dating back to the Minoan Period, about 1580 B.C.
Lilies are mentioned in the Old Testament, and in the New Testament, they symbolize chastity and virtue.
In both the Christian and pagan traditions, the lily is a fertility symbol.
In Greek marriage ceremonies the bride wears a crown of lilies and wheat implying purity and abundance.

The first cultivated roses appeared in Asian gardens more than 5,000 years ago.
In ancient Mesopotamia, Sargon I, King of the Akkadians (2684-2630 B.C.) brought "vines, figs and rose trees" back from a military expedition beyond the River Tigris.
Confucius wrote that during his life (551-479 B.C.), the Emperor of China owned over 600 books on the culture of Roses.
Roses were introduced to Rome by the Greeks.
During Roman public games all the streets were strewn with rose petals.
Egyptian wall paintings depicting roses have been found in tombs dating from the fifth century B.C. to Cleopatra´s time.
Cleopatra had a passion for everything Roman, and she is said to have scattered rose petals before Mark Anthony´s feet.
Roses were introduced to Europe during the Roman Empire, where they were mainly used for ornamental purposes.
Early Christians saw the rose as a symbol of paganism, orgy, and lust.
King Childebert I had a rose garden planted for his Queen in Paris.
Charlemagne ordered the cultivation of Roses.
Leo IX, elected Pope in 1084, sent a Golden Rose to favored monarchs.


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